Unleashing the Fascinating World of the Briard: A Breed Worth Knowing

Briard Breed
Briard book

The Briard dog is among four French sheepdog breeds. The others are the Beauceron, Picardy, and Pyrenean. It is, however, the oldest of the four breeds. In fact, they have portrayed dogs resembling the Briard in art going back to the 8th century, and more conclusive proof by the 14th century. They identified these early dogs as Chien Berger de Brie (Shepherd Dog of Brie), giving rise to the belief that the breed originated in the province of Brie; however, it may also be a corruption of Chien d’ Aubry, referring to the dog of Aubry de Montdidier that avenged his master’s slaying (according to 14th-century folk-lore).

From Guard Dog to Herder

The Briard did not get its name until 1809. It was not only a herd protector; they also used it to keep wolves at bay. Also, Briards protected the livestock and estates from human intruders. By the end of the French Revolution, they divided the land into smaller sections, making it necessary to keep livestock close to home. As a result, the Briard became a herder rather than a guard dog.

Briard looking to protect the herd

Today, the Briard is not just a herding dog; in fact, they’re also show dogs; although, it did not strut its talents in the show ring until 1900. Briard breeders and enthusiasts wrote the first breed standard in 1897; however, they changed it for another in 1909. Briards entered the Americas rather early; in fact, we believe both Lafayette and Thomas Jefferson to have brought the first dogs to the New World.

Unfortunately, Briards did not have a lasting influence. The French army made the breed the official dog in World War II. At the end of World War 1, American soldiers brought some dog’s home to America, which started the reign of the modern American Briard. The breed is not that popular in America; however, it remains the favorite sheep herding dog in its native France.

Briard Breed Facts

Energy levelWatchdog ability
Exercise requirementsProtection ability
PlayfulnessGrooming requirements
Affection levelCold tolerance
Friendliness toward dogsHeat tolerance
Friendliness toward other petsFriendliness toward strangers
Ease of training
Briard puppy laying next to his mother


The Briard is a faithful, devoted, loving, and protective companion. Also, they’re intelligent, independent, and confident. It is also willing to please and willing to serve as a partner in adventure. They are a reserve with strangers. They’re aggressive with other dogs and may nip at people’s heels during play. As puppies, they will need a lot of socialization.


This dog must get a good amount of activity and interaction daily. It loves to herd; however, a long walk or jog will satisfy its exercising needs. It also loves long play sessions mixed in with a little training. Its long coat will need brushing or combing every other day to prevent mats from forming.


Briard dog jumping over a wall with its toy in its mouth

Not popular


Livestock, herding






Herding and guarding


Herding trials

close up on the dignified face of the Briard


Berger de Brie


10–12 years


Male: 75–100 pounds; Female: 50–65 pounds


23 -27 inches; Female: 22–25 inches


All uniform colors except white (includes black, tawny, and gray shades)

Health Problems

Gastric torsion, CHD, night blindness, PRA, heart problems

two adorable Briard puppies relaxing outdoors

This dog is tall and powerful without being rough; it is slightly longer than it is tall, and its overall appearance is of striking form. This dog is a boundary herder. It serves as a moving fence which helps keep a flock in an unfenced area.

To perform this task, it is crucial that the dog be an independent thinker. It is a loose-eyed, vertical herder. When herding flocks, we have described its movement as “quicksilver”, with agile light steps that give the impression of gliding.

Its undercoat is fine and fitted, and its outer coat is bristly and dry, lying flat in long, somewhat wavy locks. On the shoulders, the coat’s length is six inches or more. The elongated eyebrows and long looking head heighten their curious, self-assured face.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a Briard a good family dog?

Yes, they can make good family dogs. They are known for being loyal, protective, and gentle with their families. However, consider that they are a large breed and require regular exercise and training to keep them happy and well-behaved. Additionally, their thick coat requires regular grooming and maintenance. Overall, the breed can be a great choice for families who are willing to provide the necessary care and attention they need.

Are Briard dogs aggressive?

The dogs can display aggressive behavior, especially if they are not properly trained or socialized. It’s important to note that aggression can vary from dog to dog, and not all will exhibit aggressive tendencies. However, early socialization, proper training, and consistent positive reinforcement can help prevent aggressive behavior. It’s always advisable to consult with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist to address any specific concerns about aggression.

Do Briard dogs bark a lot?

Yes, the dogs are known to be vocal and may bark frequently.

Is a Briard a working dog?

Yes, the dogs are considered a working dog breed.

Is a Briard dog a Hound dog?

No, they are not Hound dogs.

How much do Briard puppies cost?

The cost of puppies can vary depending on various factors such as the breeder, location, lineage, and demand. On average, you can expect to pay anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500 for a Briard puppy. However, it’s important to note that prices can be higher for show-quality or champion bloodline Briards. Additionally, there may be additional costs for things like vaccinations, health checks, and registration fees.

Do these dogs shed?

Yes, they do shed.

How often should I feed my dog?

These dogs generally require feeding twice a day.

Where can I find a reputable breeder?

You can find a reputable breeder by contacting the Briard Club of America or searching for breeders listed on reputable dog breeder directories such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) marketplace.

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